China plans to help 148,000 villages out of poverty over the next five years, said Liu Jian, director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development efforts.
Addressing the Poverty Reduction Seminar for Developing Countries at Ministerial Level, Liu said the Chinese government will strengthen infrastructure and social services - and increase villager income - in the nation's poorest villages, where 80 percent of the poor population live.
According to statistics, 2.365 million people in China still don't have enough food and clothing. And 4.067 million people do not have regular supplies of food and clothing.
The Chinese government will also train laborers in poor areas and promote non-farming employment, Liu said.
Ten percent of the Government's Favor Project financial poverty reduction fund will be used for training, with the goal of developing a laborer from each household.
The government will also encourage flagship enterprises to promote reform of agricultural structures in poor areas and increase farmers' income, Liu said.
And 260 poverty reduction flagship enterprises identified by the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development will help 12 million poor people.
Liu stressed the Chinese government will continue to make poverty reduction a priority, develop policies for needy people, call on society as a whole to contribute to poverty reduction and promote balanced development of impoverished areas between natural and human resources.
The seminar, hosted by the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development and the Ministry of Commerce, attracted 20 government officials from poverty reduction departments in 16 countries, as well as officials from the Chinese government, the UN organizations and foreign embassiChina has reduced the number of desperately poor in rural areas from 125 million to 23.65 million since it implemented a carefully-planned, large-scale campaign against rural poverty in 1986, lifting more than 100 million of its poorest inhabitants out of poverty.
Today marks the 14th International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. Liu Jian, director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, the leading organ in China's poverty reduction efforts, made the remarks at the Poverty Reduction Seminar for Developing Countries at Ministerial Level here on Tuesday.
With the sharp decline in its rural poor, China has made a big contribution to poverty reduction worldwide, Liu said.
Statistics from the World Bank show 75 percent of the people lifted out of poverty in the developing world since 1980 were Chinese.
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) spoke highly of China's achievements in its 2005 Human Development Report. If the 1 dollar per day poverty standard is applied, poverty incidence in China is now half the level of 1990.
Liu said China's poverty reduction efforts are characterized by government impulsion, social participation, self-reliance and diverse growth initiatives.
"We will encourage society as a whole to join the poverty reduction campaign, and encourage the poor to improve their situation with help from government and through their own efforts," he said.
By the end of 2005, villages with roads, electric power, telephone cables and TV cables made up 79 percent, 95.8 percent, 73.8 percent and 87.6 percent, respectively, of the total number of villages in the poor counties tagged for national support.
About 70 percent of rural households in these counties have safe drinking-water. And 94.7 percent of school-age children are enrolled in primary schools and more and more young people are being educated in agricultural techniques and other occupational skills.
About 73 percent of villages were equipped with medical care rooms and 74 percent enjoyed the services of qualified doctors or medical staff.
The seminar, co-hosted by the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development and the Ministry of Commerce, attracted 20 government officials from 16 countries, as well as officials from the Chinese government, UN organizations and foreign embassies to China.es to China.