While Chinese universities may be better known for their rigorous academic standards than their sporting expertise, the rising popularity of keep-fit programs has seen increasing numbers of students take up recreational exercise.
One such training camp took place last week at northeast China's Tianjin University. Called Burning My Calories, the program aimed to help overweight students shed their excess pounds. Twenty students were selected from over 100 applicants with those who meet the course requirements receiving two extracurricular credits.
The weight-losing classes on offer included kickboxing and yoga, and the program aimed to improve several aspects of the students' fitness levels.
"I look good and hope to look much thinner," said participant Guo Kai, adding that he had lost more than six kilograms after enrolling on the program.
"This is the first time our university has offered such a course," said Zhang Jianbin, one of the Tianjin University program leaders. "Losing weight is not the end, however. We hope the students can cultivate a lasting passion for sports and healthy living style."
In recent years, many Chinese universities have required their students to reach a certain level of physical fitness. Since September 2017, first-year students at Tsinghua University have to show they can swim at least 50 meters before they are eligible for graduation. Shanghai University, Xiamen University, and Sun Yat-sen University have also listed swimming as a compulsory course.
In a similar move, first-year students at Zhejiang University who wish to receive full marks in the off-class part of their compulsory PE classes are now required to run 48 times each semester, with male students obliged to run 3.5 kilometers each time, and female students 2.5 kilometers.
Wang Zongping, a professor of physical education at Nanjing University of Science and Technology, told Xinhua that measures like these are aimed at helping college students maintain and improve their physical fitness.
In an unprecedented move, Nankai University in 2017 issued certificates of physical fitness to over 1,200 graduates who exercised regularly and kept fit. More than 1,500 students received similar certificates in 2018.
"Those prestigious universities have realized that no health means no future for their students," Wang added.
In April 2017, China's central government released its Middle and Long-term Youth Development Plan (2016-25), vowing to improve the level of physical health among young people, and urging schools to "toughen the implementation of the National Students' Physical Health Standard and help develop the habit of life-long exercise."
"Universities should set a good example by helping students foster good exercise habits," added Wang.
Tsinghua University, renowned for its long sporting tradition, proudly implores its students to "Be fit and work for the motherland for 50 years".
In 2014, Tsinghua prioritized sports in their orientation course for new students. Over 3,900 first-years enrolled on the sports course last September at Tsinghua's stadium.
"Every semester, students are required to learn one sport, join one sports club, and compete in at least one sports game," said Liu Bo, Tsinghua's head of sports science and physical education.
But while Tsinghua has a long history of sporting achievement and excellence to fall back on, colleges without such an established heritage sometimes struggle to convince their students of the benefits of an active lifestyle.
Professor Xu Jianbo, from Shandong University's School of Physical Education, believes that colleges could use big data to better prepare students for physical exercise, in addition to greater encouragement from the teaching staff.
"Sports clubs are the heart and soul of a university's sporting activities," Xu said. "They play a great role in encouraging students to take part in physical activities, and the sports teachers and instructors could provide more advice."