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Spotlight: China's changing image, unwavering commitment to opening-up
Last Updated: 2018-12-14 17:19 | Xinhua
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Bao Ronglin, 55, has witnessed China's dramatic transformation through its 40 years of reform and opening-up both within and outside the country.

China's image has changed, said the naturalized Mexican, who was born in eastern China and now runs a business conglomerate in Mexico.

Speaking of China's efforts to further reform and open up, Bao said he sees a country all set to step up its opening-up and committed to win-win cooperation with the outside world.

"This is definitely going to create more opportunities," he said, adding that the younger generation of entrepreneurs is expected to be engaged in more "bilateral, multilateral and win-win" cooperation.

Bao said the images of Chinese firms are changing, too. The best young firms, often privately owned, tap China's growing pool of university graduates, invest in research and development, and absorb international best practices in management, including intellectual property rights protection.

DRAMATIC TRANSFORMATION

Bao's experience reflects China's changing image. His life took a key turn in the late 1980s, when he was awarded a government scholarship for further studies in economics in Mexico.

He had been a lecturer for several years at Xiamen University in southeastern China. He was lucky to be admitted to the prestigious university at the age of 18 after passing the gaokao (College Entrance Examination) in 1981, three years after the launch of the reform and opening-up.

He set off for the North American country with about 50 U.S. dollars. Later he managed to start his own business and grow it into a conglomerate.

"I am truly grateful for the opportunity to study abroad with a government scholarship," Bao said, adding that he was allowed to stay in Mexico after his graduation with a master's degree.

Bao, who heads a Chinese business association in Mexico and often leads business delegations to Zhejiang and other provinces, has witnessed the changes in China as it carries on the reform and opening-up drive.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) chief economist Maurice Obstfeld said in a recent interview that China's reform and opening-up "has had remarkable positive effects on China's standard of living."

"Many of those effects have spilled over to other countries, particularly in East Asia and elsewhere in the emerging world," he added.

GROWING PRIVATE SECTOR

Bao's home province of Zhejiang, part of a key manufacturing hub in eastern China in recent decades, has been known for its robust private sector.

The private sector in China has especially come a long way from its modest beginning of some 140,000 self-employed households in 1978. The economy was largely state- or collectively-owned at that time.

Twenty years later, the number of registered private companies grew to 90,500. Another 20 years on, by the end of October 2018, there were 30.67 million private companies and 71.37 million self-employed households, according to statistics from the State Administration for Market Regulation.

The economy has also gone through constant upgrading. The state-owned sectors have become more efficient partly due to competition from private and foreign businesses. They are leaner and stronger, but account for a much smaller part of the economy.

Latest statistics show the private sector now accounts for more than half of the tax revenue, 60 percent of the output, 70 percent of technological innovations, 80 percent of urban employment and 90 percent of the new jobs in China.

KNOWLEDGE-DRIVEN YOUNG FIRMS

Private companies not only manufacture most products with "Made in China" tags, but have emerged as leaders in many sectors. Huawei has grown into a global telecommunications leader. Alibaba, Tencent and Baidu are listed as best employers alongside foreign businesses like Microsoft, Apple and Tesla.

The faces of the firms are changing. Emerging new firms are often driven by strengths in technology instead of cheap labor. They typically establish themselves in an innovative way, with huge investments in research.

DJI, a company founded in 2006, is now a global leader in civil drones. It is now expanding quickly in Europe, creating local jobs in the process.

Polly Yu, a project director of Frankfurt Economic Development GmbH who helped DJI enter the German market, said DJI's German branch in Frankfurt was founded with only three employees and has grown to nearly 50 employees from 17 countries and regions in a short time. The employees are on average aged 28 and use English as their working language.

Barbara Stelzner, director of corporate communication at DJI Europe, the Middle East and Africa, said DJI attaches great importance to complying with strict data protection laws and regulations in Europe and guaranteeing customer data security. It launched a "local data mode" to cut off data transmission between the drone and the Internet without affecting safety.

INCREASINGLY INTERNATIONAL FACES

The change is partly attributable to huge investments in education, which have produced a growing talent pool. Meanwhile, more and more people go for overseas studies. In 2017, the number of Chinese students studying overseas totaled 608,400, up 11.7 percent year-on-year, while 489,200 foreign students were studying in China, up 10 percent, official statistics show.

Millions of educated young people are recruited by firms like DJI, which is headquartered in Shenzhen, a reform and opening-up icon that has grown from a village to a metropolitan of about 12 million in just 30 years.

VIPKID, a firm founded in 2013 and driven by IT technology, has quickly become one of the global leaders of online education. The company connects kids in China with qualified native English teachers in over 30 countries, and has also launched services connecting foreign kids with Chinese teachers.

The company enables about 180,000 class sessions every day, a reflection of the enthusiasm for learning English as an international language in China. Cindy Mi, founder of the firm, said her vision is for the platform to "inspire and empower" children to become future and nurture global citizens.

Chinese leaders have voiced their determination to further open China up and support private and foreign businesses.

Bao has seen a change in the faces of the firms, too.

"The younger generation of Chinese entrepreneurs are better educated and stronger in terms of language proficiency. I expect them to be more successful," he said.

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Spotlight: China's changing image, unwavering commitment to opening-up
Source:Xinhua | 2018-12-14 17:19
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