Photo taken on July 14, 2020 shows the Golden Bauhinia Square in south China's Hong Kong. (Xinhua/Wu Xiaochu)
Editor's note: On July 1, 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was established. Since its return to the motherland, Hong Kong has been on a broad path of leveraging complementary advantages in joint development with the Chinese mainland, and the practice of "one country, two systems" in Hong Kong has been a great success.
Hong Kong's 25-year journey since its return is extraordinary. It has fully proved that the implementation of the "one country, two systems" principle is conducive to safeguarding the fundamental interests of the country, of Hong Kong, and of the majority of Hong Kong compatriots. Starting from June 15, Xinhua will publish stories under the column entitled "HKSAR 25," focusing on the successful practice of the "one country, two systems" principle in Hong Kong and comprehensively showing the achievements of Hong Kong in the political, economic, livelihood, social and cultural fields.
How many top international rankings does the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) have?
The number may be much higher than you imagine.
The HKSAR, which will celebrate its 25th founding anniversary on July 1, has an array of advantages that make it unique. A non-exhaustive list of its best titles includes:
It is the world's freest economy. Since 1997, Hong Kong has kept winning the title awarded by the Fraser Institute in Canada;
It is No. 1 financial center in Asia. Hong Kong, New York and London are collectively known as "Nylonkong," an acronym of the top three financial centers in the world. In the latest edition of the Global Financial Centers Index published by British think tank Z/Yen Group and China Development Institute in Shenzhen, Hong Kong maintained its third place in overall ranking in the world;
It also has No. 1 talent competitiveness in Asia. The IMD World Talent Ranking 2021 report lifts Hong Kong to the first place in Asia, from the fourth the previous year.
Here is more: No. 1 globally in financial system, No. 1 globally in initial public offering (IPO) capital raising and corporate merger and acquisition environment, No. 1 globally in business environment, and No. 1 globally in infrastructure safety, all of which were rated by world-renowned institutions or journals in recent years.
What has made them possible for Hong Kong despite such challenges as the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the 2003 SARS epidemic, the 2008 global financial crisis and currently the lingering COVID-19 pandemic?
The practice of "one country, two systems" in Hong Kong is the key factor.
Under "one country, two systems", which is a universally recognized success, Hong Kong is able to maintain its capitalist system while enjoying unique advantages in doing business.
The Basic Law of the HKSAR protects private property and foreign investment, provides that Hong Kong shall not be subject to foreign exchange control, maintains Hong Kong's status as a free port, and guarantees the free movement of goods, property and capital in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong's return to the motherland also has brought new opportunities. The areas of economic and trade cooperation between Hong Kong and the mainland have expanded, the level of their cooperation has been raised and the convergence of their interests has broadened.
The mainland is Hong Kong's largest export market and source of imports, while Hong Kong has long been the mainland's largest source of inbound direct investment and offshore financing platform, and has also become the mainland's largest outbound direct investment destination.
It is the world's largest offshore renminbi business center. The renminbi deposit balance in Hong Kong has increased by nearly 133 times from about 6.3 billion yuan at the end of May 2004 to 841.9 billion yuan at the end of April 2022, and over 70 percent of the world's offshore renminbi payments are handled in Hong Kong.
It is also an important service platform for Chinese firms to go global, and a key offshore capital raising center. As of April 2022, 1,370 mainland enterprises are listed in Hong Kong, accounting for 53.3 percent of the total number of companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and 77.7 percent of the total market capitalization.
For the HKSAR, "one country, two systems" is its greatest advantage. New opportunities include those brought by implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative, and construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.
According to China's 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025), Hong Kong will continue to be supported to consolidate its inherent strengths and foster new ones.
With stronger integration into the country's overall development, it is foreseeable that Hong Kong's top-notch titles will continue to grow in the future.